Wrinkles

Wrinkle Reduction Treatments

Forehead lines


Definition and causes:
These are horizontal lines appearing across the forehead. One of the major causes of these lines is the activity of the frontalis muscle,  which elevates the eyebrows and therefore causes wrinkles to appear. Other causes include sun damage, life style choices, such as smoking, and age-related degenerative changes in the connective tissue of the skin, including breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Treatment:
Wrinkle relaxing injection treatment with Botulinum toxin is one of the most effective treatments used to eliminate, reduce or soften forehead lines, depending on their severity and cause. When the injections relax the frontalis muscle the forehead lines become less apparent. Treatment of forehead lines with Botulinum toxin on their own is  not recommended due to the increased risk of creating drooping eyelids/brows. Treatment of frown (glabella) lines at the same time balances this risk.

Alternative treatments include: chemical peels, microneedling, dermal fillers and laser skin resurfacing. Some of these treatments may be used in addition to wrinkle relaxing injections.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment option suitability.


Frown (glabellar) lines


Definition and causes:
These are vertical lines that appear between the eyebrows and can become prominent as a result of movement of glabellar complex muscles. Other causes include inherited predisposition, sun damage, life style choices such as smoking, and age-related degenerative changes in the connective tissue of the skin including breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Treatment:
Relaxation of the glabellar complex muscles with wrinkle relaxing injection is often an effective therapy for these lines.

Alternative treatments include chemical peels, microneedling, dermal fillers and laser skin resurfacing. Some of these treatments may be used in addition to wrinkle relaxing injections.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability.

Crow’s feet ( eye corner) lines

Definition and causes:
These are horizontal lines which appear at the outer corners of your eyes. One of the major causes of crow’s feet lines is the activity of orbicularis oculi muscles (the muscle surrounding the eye). Other causes include inherited predisposition, sun damage, life style choices such as smoking, and age-related degenerative changes in the connective tissue of the skin,  including breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Treatment:
Relaxation of the outer part of the orbicularis oculi muscle with wrinkle relaxing injection is often an effective therapy for these lines.

Alternative treatment include: chemical peels, microneedling, dermal fillers and laser skin resurfacing treatments. Some of these may be used in addition to wrinkle relaxing injections.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability.


Brow (chemical brow) lift

Definition and causes:
This treatment is indicated for ‘heavy’, over-hanging looking brows. One of the causes is increased activity of the upper outer part of the orbicularis oculi (the muscle around your eye). Other causes of over-hanging eyebrows include inherited predisposition, sun damage, life style choices such as smoking, and age-related degenerative changes in the connective tissue of the skin, including breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Treatment:
Relaxation of the upper outer part of the orbicularis oculi muscle with wrinkle relaxing injection can be an effective therapy for over-hang brows.

Alternative treatment include chemical peels, microneedling, dermal fillers and laser skin resurfacing. Some of these treatments may be used in addition to wrinkle relaxing injections.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability.


Bunny lines (nose wrinkles)

Definition and causes:

These are straight, slightly diagonal lines which becomes visible on scrunching the nose. Bunny lines develop due to activity of the nasalis muscles. They can also be due to compensatory over-activity of nasalis muscles as a result of treating the frown (glabella) muscles with wrinkle relaxing injection over a period of time.

Treatment:
Relaxation of the nasalis muscle with wrinkle relaxing injection can be an effective therapy for bunny lines.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability. Bunny lines can be  considered as an attractive facial future.



Perioral (smoker's) lines

Definition and causes:
These are vertical lines which form on the top of the upper lip.
Although they are commonly known as smoker’s lines often they have nothing to do with smoking. One of the causes is the activity of orbicularis oris muscle, which is the muscle surrounding the mouth. Other causes include inherited predisposition, life style choices such as smoking, and age-related degenerative changes in the connective tissue of the skin, including breakdown of collagen and elastin.

Treatment:
Early smoker’s lines can be treated with wrinkle relaxing injections placed into the orbicularis oris muscles above the top lip.
Deeper and more pronounced smoker’s line can be treated with combination of dermal fillers and wrinkle relaxing injections.
Alternative treatment include chemical peels, microneedling and laser skin resurfacing treatments. Some of these may be used in addition to wrinkle relaxing injections and dermal fillers.
No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability.


Chin dimpling

Definition and causes:
These are visible dimples formed on the chin which are accentuated on facial expressions such as pouting. Chin dimpling is commonly caused by over activity of the mentalis (chin) muscles. Overactive mentalis can also cause the chin to appear narrow or bulbous

Treatment:
Treatment with wrinkle relaxin injections to reduce contraction of the chin muscle can be an effective treatment for chin dimpling.
Other treatment options include dermal filler injections.
No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability. 


Down turned mouth corners


Definition and causes:
This is an expression in which the corners of the mouth appear turned down or droopy, which could make the person looking unhappy even when they are not. One of the causes of down turned corners is contraction of the depressor mandible (anguli oris ) muscles.
Other causes include age related changes in the teeth, jaw and skin laxity.

Treatment:
One of the treatment options is using muscle relaxing injections to relax the mandible muscles and therefore reduce the pull on the mouth corners

Other treatment options include dermal fillers.

No treatment is always an option, based on personal choice and treatment suitability.



Wrinkle Treatment details summary:

✔️ free consultation

✔️ topical anaesthesia available if required

✔️ no down time

✔️ aftercare follow up available

✔️ results visible within two weeks

✔️ results last 3-6 months